Production Technology of Papaya – Carica papaya (Local/Desi Variety)

Production technology of Papaya in Pakistan

Papaya tree can produce for 3 years after that production gradually decrease
Temperature : optimum summer temp; 38-40 degree centigrade
and least in winter 5 degree centigrade
pH: 6.5-7.5
Soil: sandy soil
Better to plant on raised bed
Planting time: Feb-Mar(spring), Jun-Jul (monsoon) Oct-Nov (autumn)
Seed rate: 150 g per acre
Seed can be stored for 3 years
Before sowing: dip in hot water for 15 minutes and soaked for 24 hours for better germination
In case of slow germination, spray Gibberelic acid.
15-20 cm tall seedlings suitable for planting (take two months)
Bed for nursery: 3 m long x 1 m width / plastic bag or pots can also be used
Seed for nursery should be sown at 1 cm depth, 10 cm apart in lines.
One male plant for 10 female plants for pollination.
Blooming: 4-6 months
Fruit setting: 10-12 months
Fertilizers: 10 kg/plant manure as basal dose applied in pits
250 g NPK
Spray 0.5% Zinc sulfate twice
Borax 0.1%
Papaya takes 145-165 days from flowering to fruit ripening
Harvesting in winter months
Keep it in shady and cool dry place
Post harvest: treat with 50 degree centigrade hot water and rinse with cold water, packed with single straw layer for local market
Insect/disease of Papaya tree:
Web-worm, aphid, fruit fly, red spindle mite, stem borer, grey weevil, root knot
Destroy the effected part, spray Dimetoate 0.3% or methyl demonton 0.05% or Neemu

Powdery mildew, anthracnose, leaf curl virus, stem rot, damping off.
Apply wet able sulphur 1g/liter, theiophanate methyle 1g/L , mancozeb 2g/L , Neemu

Number of fruit/plant: 40-60
Number of plants/acre: 1200

Production technology of Papaya
Bed preparation for Papaya plantation

Information is shared with good intent, however, it is not necessary to agree with opinion of author. Agri. Education Pakistan is not liable or responsible in anyway.

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