In the year 2018, I was summing up my yearly experiences and found that I got a decent number of queries regarding avocado farming in Pakistan. Avocado (Persea americana) is one of the most favorite fruits in the international market and due to its nutritious profile, it is considered a super-food.
Well! In Pakistan, it is rare and usually imported by superstores and sells at a really high price among a very limited number of customers.
With the enthusiasm to introduce advanced agriculture produce and practices, how can I ignore avocado? The usually asked question to me is “Can avocado grow in Pakistan???” and my answer is “Yes! It can grow happily”.
What is Avocado?
Let’s first introductory talk about it; Avocado (Persea americana) is a pulpy fruit tree of tropical America. It is about the size and shape of a large pear; called also avocado pear, or alligator pear, and in Urdu, it’s called makhhan phal “مکھن پھل” or Magar Nashpati. P. americana or the avocado originated in the state of Puebla, Mexico. The avocado fruit is ranked among super-food due to its super nutrition profile and no doubt besides its smooth creamy and tasty pulp, its unique nutrient composition makes it a favorite fruit.
Nutritional Facts about Avocado in Pakistan
We will discuss its interesting history in upcoming writings. Right now we’ll talk about its nutritional facts and plantation in Pakistan. Avocados provide nearly 20 essential nutrients, including fiber, potassium, Vitamin E, B vitamins, and folic acid. They also act as a “nutrient booster” by enabling the body to absorb more fat-soluble nutrients, such as alpha and beta-carotene, in foods that are eaten with the fruit. It is also beneficial for cancer and heart patients.
How to Grow Avocados in Pakistan?
In Pakistan, avocado plants are available both grafted (vegetative-grown) and non-grafted (seed grown). It is important to keep in mind that grafted plants are better than non-grafted ones as grafted plants are true to type while non-grafted plants are not true to type i.e. its means; the taste, shape, or color of the fruit may not be identical to the mother tree from where the seed is collected due to the cross-pollination.
Moreover, there is not any surety about fruit bearing. The non-grated plant may bear fruit after 5 years, 10 years, and 13 years or not at all with a high plant mortality rate. Grafted plants bear fruit usually after 3-5 years of its plantation.
Pollination in Avocado Plants
Pollination is the process in which pollen transfer from a male part to a female part of the flower and the process further progress to the development of fruit. However, the single-plant of avocado can bear fruit but the pollination among avocado plants is simply amazing and exciting to know. The flowers of avocado are botanically known as “synchronous dichogamy”.
In this phenomenon, the same flowers of the same tree have both male and female characteristics i.e. the flowers act like the male in the morning and female in the afternoon or vice versa. There are two types of avocado plants “A” type and “B” type on the basis of synchronous dichogamy.
Types of Avocado Plants
Type “A” comprises the following varieties of avocado;
Gwen, Hass, Lamb Hass, Pinkerton, Reed, Rincon, Secondo, Wurtz, Lula
Type “B” comprises the following varieties of avocado;
Bacon, Edranol, Fuerte, Llanos Hass, Ryan, Sharwil, Shepard, Zutano.
The flowers of Type “A” varieties open as the female in the first morning and close in the next late morning and open in the afternoon as male flowers and flowers of Type “B” act the opposite. In other words, if flowers of type “A” will be acted as female then the flowers of type “B” act as male at the same time.
Therefore, regarding commercial plantation, both “A” and “B” type varieties are planted for efficient pollination. Otherwise, a single tree can also bear fruit because it’s partially self-pollinator.
Suitable Avocado Varieties Grow in Pakistan
In Pakistan, Hass and Lula grafted varieties are available other than non-grafted plants. Hass is the famous variety of avocados and covers almost 90% of total avocado produce followed by Fuerte in the international market.
These subtropical species need a climate without frost and not too much wind. The plantlets of Avocado should be protected from frost for 3 years, planted in the Khareef season, and given fruit in October / November. After flowering, fruit setting takes a few months.
Don’t require a specific type of soil but the drainage system of the soil should be best. However, the varieties have hardy nature and can tolerate -5oC to 45oC.
You can buy avocado plants in Pakistan in big plant nursery outlets. In the market usually, seed-grown plants are available for commercial farming of avocados better to buy plants grown by vegetative propagation only. For grafted/air layer avocado plants and more information, contact Agriculture Education Pakistan.
About Author: M. Safeer A. Jafrey (Chief Agribusiness Consultant) Agri. Education Pakistan
Acknowledged and Awarded By; UNIDO | EDI | PSF | ADB | TiE | PU | ATDC
12 thoughts on “Avocado can Grow in Pakistan”
Thanks sir for this information
Sir muje es k plants kahan se mil sakty hain main ye lagana chahta hun
Thank you for kind feedback. Please contact us more information email@example.com or WhatsApp/Call 03349899419
I am interested in planting initially 100 Avocado plants in lahore.
guidance is requested.
Please contact at +923349899419 or email at firstname.lastname@example.org
I see that avocado prodution around Lahore is increasing, however, I have read that avocado does not flower above 40C and does not thrive in arid conditions. And Lahore can reach above 40C and is arid.
Flowering normally begins in March when temperatures are 20 – 30C which are optimal for the plant. So I understand correctly that the plant gives fruit in the summer of June – July? And it can also survive arid conditions of Lahore?
Also, avocado does not tolerate frost and a few weeks in Lahore see freezing temperatures especially at night. So does the plant suffer damage due to frost?
Avocado plants require special care in first three years of age.
Heat waves and frost etc. are definitely not good for avocado plant.
For precaution we use soil mulching with wheat straw or grass clipping etc. we also use over head mulching or give the plant partial shade to survive in good health. Moreover, we also apply natural fertilizer (not animal compost) as per need.
I’m interested to grow as a garden۔ please help in this regard
Yes plants are available. You can contact at +92-334-9899419
What are your thoughts on the environmental impacts of avocado water resources?
Especially for a country like Pakistan which is going to face myriad of climate change effects in the near future for example water shortage, heatwaves and droughts being the most likely.
Should we still consider doing farming of Avocados commercially on a large scale? Keeping in mind the evidence from all around the world, of environmental degradation because of depleting water table level resulting from the farming of Avocados?
Can a country like Pakistan afford this, please comment regarding this issue?
Thank you for commenting. There are several varieties of avocado. Usually all avocado varieties require less water. According to nature of avocado over watering or excessive irrigation cause the death of plant due to root rot disease. Moreover, we are also dealing in high temperature varieties suitable for weather of plains of Sindh and Punjab.
ABBAS CHAUDHRY Please let me know the price of 10 GRAFTED
PKR 1500/- only per plant